Article Traditional Herbs Plants in Each Country



Consuming main herbs for traditional medicine. When talking herbal medicines there are three terms are related in it: the original medicine, traditional medicine and natural medicine. World Health Organization (WHO) defines traditional medicine as native medicine in a country that is used for generations in that country or other countries. Traditional medicine must meet the following criteria has been used at least three generations and has been proven to be safe and beneficial.
The original drug is a drug which consists of natural ingredients, how to make it, proving the efficacy, safety, and how to use based on the traditional knowledge of a local resident. While natural medicines are all drugs that are made from natural materials in the manufacturing process is not yet a pure culture. Natural medicines could be genuine medicine, traditional medicine, or the development of both.

There are few principles of different perspectives between conventional and traditional medicine. Traditional medicine is relying on inheritance hereditary nature even though it was grown on scientific evidence, the scientific basis used vary from rational to irrational. It causes people who use traditional medicine should be carefully choose the type and method of treatment. Closed nature makes it difficult to develop, and thus difficult to be accepted by the outer circles. Mechanism of action is not always clear, so it is sometimes difficult to expect the same results if the treatment is repeated. But with more and more of her age a treatment more and more empirical evidence obtained. It could be a valuable provision for scientific testing phase. Traditional medicine also has a more holistic approach, between the body, mind, and soul. This last point is often regarded as the advantages of traditional medicine.

Acceptance of the countries in the world to the diverse systems of traditional medicine. Based on the criteria issued by the World Health Organization (WHO), there are three systems that apply:

1. Integrative Systems

The state already recognizes the existence of traditional medicine. It encourages the use of traditional medicine in hospitals, research institutions, and insurance. There are standard rules governing the production system, regulation, and supervision of traditional medicine. Countries that follow this system are China, Korea, and Vietnam.

2. Inclusive System

Traditional medicine has been recognized, but not yet integrated in the national health service. This system is usually adopted by the developed countries such as the UK, Germany, and Canada.

3. Tolerant Systems

State still adhered to the conventional health care system, but the use of traditional medicine is not prohibited. This system is currently the most widely embraced by the countries in the world, including Indonesia.

According to the working paper WHO says almost 80% of the population in Africa use traditional medicine in their lives. This figure is also almost equal in Asia and Latin America. In China, the consumption of herbs to treat disease reaches 30% -50%. In San Francisco, London and South Africa 75% of people living with HIV / AIDS medical use complementary medicine because not many giving out hope. Approximately 70% of Canadians at least once in his life using traditional medicine. In Germany, a country known for its tradition of homeopathy, almost 90% of the population never use herbs for medicinal purposes in their everyday lives. Between 1995-2000 there were 10,800 doctors who take special training in the field of traditional medicine.

In other European countries, North America and other industrialized countries at least 50% of the population had been using alternative treatments for health problems. In Japan, 60-70% of doctors prescribe traditional "Kampo" to their patients. In Malaysia, the Malay traditional medicine are mostly used together with the Indonesian side by side with the Chinese and Indian medicine. In the United States upon the recommendation of the National Institutes of Health, 75 of approximately 125 medical schools incorporate meteri traditional medicine in the curriculum.

HERBAL CENTER WORLD


1. China


World Health Organization (WHO) noted the consumption of 30-50% is allocated to public health herbal ingredients. Since 5,000 years ago, the ancestors of the Chinese nation to overcome drug concocted a variety of diseases. Potions and disease documented in the ancient language in inscriptions on bones and turtle shells. In a book written from the time of the Zhou Dynasty, 1100-256 BC began to emerge term medical teacher to call the healers.

The oldest medical records exist in two ancient books: Huang Di Nei Jing (Huangdi's Internal Classic, meaning that the Book of the Yellow Emperor) and Wai Tai Mi Yao (Secret Recipe). The author Emperor Huangdi (2698-2589 BC). Contents to cure indigestion, respiratory, and reproductive systems. There are few figures of the famous traditional Chinese medicine, call it Bian Que (500 BC), an expert in the disease, Hua Tuo (208 BC) surgeons, gynecologists, and pediatrics. Then there Chao Yuanfang authors are General Treatise on the etiology Symtomatology of Diseases which is China's first work in the field of etiology and symptomatology.

Traditional Chinese medicine has made remarkable progress during the reign of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). At the time that was written encyclopedia pathology prescription medication containing 61 739 and 239 illustrations. The most famous is probably the Compendium of Materia Medical, which was published in 1590. The book was written by Li Shizhen and forwarded by Zhan Xuemin was compiled for 30 years, includes 1,892 medical substances that are useful in medicine.

In Chinese medicine known as the term Qi (Vital Energy). Qi is seen as a basic element or energy that make up the human body and support human activities. Qi include energy food intake, air is inhaled, and the activities of the organs in the body. Vital energy is something that can move inside the human body. Energy is vital to be smooth so that the organs in the body can play optimally. That's why if the flow of Qi less smoothly, the health of the body are affected.

The types of plants used in the treatment of a wide range, a small portion of the same kind of our country: for example Ginger (Zingiber officinale), Amethyst (Datura fastuosa), Lingzhi (Ganoderma lucidum), Bitter (Andrographis paniculata), and Tread virgin (Catharantus roseus). The practitioners of TCM treatment successfully combines medical treatment (conventional) with knowledge of the heritage. No wonder if the TCM is growing rapidly. Herbal processed in such a way with a high standard to be more useful and practical.

Herbal plants were classified into 5 groups: spicy, sweet, sour, bitter, and salty. Cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmannli) and Bulbs nut-grass (Cyperus rotundus), including spicy groups useful regulate blood flow. Useful herbs in salted group to soften and improve blood circulation jammed. For example, algae (Sargassum sp.) Bark philodendron can serve as a bitter medicine, multifunction to stop diarrhea and heat.

2. India


Indian culture is one of the ancient culture that has survived to this day. Ayurveda, the science of life is one of the treatment system that has been around since 1000 BC in India. Ayurveda is a holistic lifestyle system load demands on setting up food, body work, rest and activity in order to achieve the balance of body, mind, and soul. Ayurveda is not just a system of medicine, but a lifestyle.

3. Korea


Ginseng herbal medicine in the country can not be separated from the influence of China and India. System of traditional medicine there known as the Korean Oriental Medicine (COM) or more popularly known as hangbang. According to Yong Suk Kim, OMD, PhD and Jun Wang, OMD, PhD graduated from the School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University, Korea in Complementary Health Practice Review Vol 10 # 2, 2005 approximately 20% of the Korean population still hangbang faithful use.


Efficacy Proof Herbs


Traditional herbal medicine be said to be if it had been examined through a long process and a long time so we can be sure the element / active substances, known pharmacological effects, we can be sure the manufacturing process. To facilitate supervision and licensing, National Agency of Drug and Food categorize groups of herbal medicinal plants, herbs standardized, and fitofarmaka. Each has its own requirements. The so-called herbal medicine is a concoction made from natural materials, used for generations, is believed efficacious based on experience, and there is no scientific research to obtain clinical evidence regarding the efficacy. Herbal ingredients generally come from all parts, not the extraction / isolation of the active ingredient alone. Even the possibility of active ingredient is not known precisely because there is no research.


The highest category is phytopharmaca with the requirements of safety, efficacy claims based on clinical trials (applied to humans), has made the standardization of the raw materials used, and meet the general requirements applicable. An herbal going through the following tests before success is recognized as part of phytopharmaca: toxicity tests, experimental tests on animals and human clinical trials phytopharmaca which includes testing in healthy humans and tested on patients with certain diseases. Herbal phytopharmaca category already be equated with modern medicine.

The test series begins with preclinical testing. Test of preclinical obtained important information tentangefikasi pharmacology, pharmacokinetic profile, and the level of toxicity of the material. Preclinical testing is the testing of drugs on receptor cell cultures isolated or isolated organs. After it was tested in intact animals such as mice, rats, rabbits, guinea pigs, hamsters, dogs, or some other primates. Only by using the intact animal may be known toxic effects of drugs on various doses of medication. In addition, the toxicity is a way to evaluate genetic damage (genetoksisitas, Germ), tumor growth (onkogenesitas and karsigonesitas), and the incidence of birth defects. Source reviewed herbalekstrakgranules

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