Persian is the name of the Arabs to the Iranian nation. Persian area now known as the Iranian plateau. Is predominantly Medes. Original peoples of Persia came to the area and the Central Asian mainland around the year 900 BC. They attacked the Aryans in the Iranian desert border, and then settles in Fars area surrounded by mountains and desert. Thus, they easily withstand the attack the Assyrians. The Persians are known as farmers and sice. At first they had difficulty in cultivating the land. They have to make a long tunnel to drain the water to the mountains. The Persians had some famous kings began in 836 BC. One of them is Cyrus the Great. Royal palace known as the Palace Persipolis. King Cyrus warlike, and managed to control large areas ranging from Egypt in Africa to the Indian border areas. Cyrus conquered first the kingdom is the kingdom of the Medes, Lydia, and finally Babylonia. Cyrus eventually killed in battle. Cambyses conquered Egypt to continue his father's business.
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After Cambyses died uprising, but can be extinguished by Darius. In the reign of Darius (550-486 BC), the Persian experienced its heyday. His kingdom covers the whole area of Central Tirnur. The extent greater than the area of the Kingdom of Macedonia during the reign of Alexander the Great or the ancient Roman Empire. The Persians is a good ruler. Their empire was divided into several satrap (governor). Each satrap oversee 20 provinces. The roads that were built to facilitate seamless inter-regional relations. One of them is the King's Highway that stretches and Susa to Sardis. The distance is about 1,600 miles. Each 40-mile no stops to change horses. The king's orders can be delivered within a week for a distance of 1,600 miles. The Persians built mine silver and improve the channel that has been used by ships sailing Hatshepsut and the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea. They also build great temples such as buildings in Babylonia and Assyria. The Persians knew the alphabet which consists of 39 letters. They learned Astronomy and the Babylonians. The Persians followed the teachings of Zoroaster, who lived around 600 BC. It has to do with the teachings of Hinduism. According to the teachings of Zoroaster life is a battle between good and evil.
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On the one side there is the god Destroyer (Ahriman) and Gods Wisdom (Ahuramazda). With the help Ahuramazda fight Ahriman, the followers of the teachings of Zoroaster will see the good life. Zoroastrians to be friendly, honest, sincere, and friendly with each other, as well as animals. If Zoroastrians who either died, he can pass through the fire in the world and heaven without getting hurt. For them there is a wide bridge that connects the world and heaven. Instead, the evil never get to heaven, as it falls. They found a very narrow bridge, that it was difficult to pass. Persian kings are known are adherents of Zoroastrianism. Even in one of his inscriptions Darius said SMA will of Ahuramazda who chose me and I nienjadikan king of the whole world. Other Persian king, Ataxerxes I, issued a new calendar with the names of the Zoroastrian god sebagal month names. Some of the teachings of Zoroaster used by the Romans in the worship of the god Mithras. The Persians finally conquered by the Muslims in the 7th century.