Effects of bullying could threatening any parties involved, both children were bullied, bullying children, children who witness bullying, even the school with bullying issues overall. Bullying could a bad influence on children's physical and mental health. In severe cases, bullying can lead to fatal action, such as suicide.
Children who are victims of bullying more at risk of various health problems, both physically and mentally.The problem is more likely suffered by children who are victims of bullying, among others.The emergence of a variety of mental problems such as depression, anxiety and sleep problems
(see chart above). This problem may be carried into adulthood. Physical health complaints, such as headaches, abdominal pain and muscle tension (see chart above). Insecurity while in the school environment
The decline in the spirit of learning and academic achievement In the relatively rare cases, children may be bullied indicate the nature of the violence.
Bullying also affects the school and community. School where bullying occurs frequently characterized by:
The students who feel unsafe at school And the absence of a sense of not having a relationship with the school community Distrust among students Establishment of formal and informal alley as a tool to incite acts of bullying or protect a group of acts of bullying Legal action taken against schools that performed by students and parents The fall in the school's reputation in the community Low staff morale and heightened stress jobs Poor educational climate Marsh in Sanders (2003: in Anesty, 2009).
Impact for victims
The study conducted the National Youth Violence Prevention Resource Center Sanders (2003; in Anesty, 2009) showed that bullying can make teens feel anxious and scared, affect the concentration of study in school and lead them to avoid school. If the bullying continues in the long term, can affect the self-esteem of students, increasing social isolation, raises interesting behavior themselves, make adolescents vulnerable to stress and depreasi, and insecurity. In more extreme cases, bullying can lead teens to do reckless, even kill or commit suicide (commited suicide).
Impact on the perpetrators
Sanders (2003; in Anesty 2009) National Youth Violence Prevention suggests that in general, these actors have high confidence with high self-esteem as well, tend to be aggressive with the pros against violent behavior, typical of the rampart, easy angry and impulsive, low tolerance for frustration. The bullies have a strong need to dominate others and little empathy for the target. What is disclosed in accordance with that proposed by Coloroso (2006: 72) revealed that students will be trapped in the role of bullies, can not develop healthy relationships, are less capable of looking at it from another perspective, does not have empathy, and assume that they are strong and preferably so as to affect the pattern of social relations in the future.
By doing the bullying, the perpetrator would assume that they have the power of the state. If allowed to continue without intervention, bullying can lead to the formation of other behaviors such as violence against children and other criminal behavior.
Impact on other students who witness bullying (bystanders)
If bullying is left without follow-up, the other students in the audience can assume that bullying is socially acceptable behavior. In this condition, some students might join the oppressors for fear of becoming the next target and some may just be silent without doing anything and the worst they feel no need to stop it.
In addition to the effects of bullying that has been described above, studies were conducted both at home and abroad shows that bullying resulted in negative impacts as the following:
Psychological disorders, such as excessive anxiety, lonely
Social self-concept becomes more negative bullied because korbam was not accepted by his friends, in addition he also has experience continuous failed in fostering friendship, namely in the bully by his own close friends.
Victims of bullying feel stress, depression, hate against the perpetrator, revenge, wants to get out of school, miserable, embarrassed, depressed, threatened, even scratching-nyilet hand.
Hated the social environment, are reluctant to school.
The desire for suicide.
Difficulty concentrating; prolonged fear and depression ..
Tend to be less empathic and leads to psychotic.
Chronic bullies will carry that behavior into adulthood, will have negative effect on their ability to build and maintain good relationships with others.
The victim will feel inferior, worthless (Rigby, K, 1999).
Physical health disorders: headaches, sore throats, colds, coughing, hives, chest pain, chapped lips (Rigby, K, 2003).
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